The past 25 years have seen enormous growth in the capability and ubiquity of digital integrated circuits. In the mid 1980s, the industry had moved to CMOS technology for high performance digital design due to the power problems with both NMOS and bipolar technology. Complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) digital integrated circuits are the enabling technology for the modern information age. Because of their intrinsic features in low-power consumption, large noise margins, and ease of design, CMOS integrated circuits have been widely used to develop random access memory (RAM) chips, microprocessor chips, digital signal processor (DSP) chips, and application- specific integrated circuit (ASIC) chips. The popular use of CMOS circuits will grow with the increasing demands for low-power, low-noise integrated electronic systems in the development of portable computers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), portable phones, and multimedia agents.
This book covers the complete treatment of CMOS circuits basic design concepts with detailed examples. Trend in digital integrated circuits is discussed with basic topologies used for designing circuits using CMOS transistors, viz., Static logic; Dynamic logic and Domino logic are explained. It typically addresses both the computer-aided analysis issues and the design issues for most of the circuit examples. Numerous research with results carried out in recent years on domino logic are also provided for illustration of basic concepts. Through rigorous analysis of CMOS circuits in this volume, students and research practitioners will be able to understand the fundamentals of CMOS VLSI design, which is the driving force behind the development of advanced computer hardware.