Fire has been said to be a good servant, but a bad master. The same can be said of water. Floods and droughts are periods of human misery, marked by losses of life, property and opportunity. Those countries which have yet to control their waters are typified by endemic diseases, a lack of development and a limited life expectancy. The basic aim of hydraulics is to understand, and control for the benefit of society, the occurrence, movement and use of water, whether it is in lakes, rivers, pipes, drains, percolating through soils or pounding the coastline as destructive waves, to modify the behavior of water calls inevitably for a large investment of time, resources and effort. Thus hydraulic engineering has only appeared once a society is centralized under an organized government. Hydraulic fracturing is presently the primary stimulation technique for oil and gas production in low-permeability, unconventional reservoirs. Comprehensive, published, and publicly available information regarding the extent, location, and character of hydraulic fracturing in is inadequate.
There is a need to establish a common understanding of how hydraulic fracturing drilling methods, treatment fluids, and chemical additives have changed and how the newer technology has affected the areal distribution of hydraulic fracturing.
Experimental Hydraulics is a comprehensive guide to designing, conducting and interpreting experiments in a wide range of topics associated with hydraulic engineering. It covers state-of-art on techniques and currently used in hydraulics, and outline new and emerging measurement technologies and analysis techniques. Wide-ranging references enable interested readers to further explore details on each topic. Although the book spotlight primarily on research and laboratory experiments, including hydraulic modeling, it also applies to field-work of varying intricacy and user-friendliness. Contributed chapters are written by authors from numerous leading researchers and from various countries guarantee a representative sample of different studies at the cutting edge of the field.